家庭教育权和隐私权法案(FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 是一项保护学生教育记录隐私的联邦法律. 法律 适用于所有接受美国政府资助项目资助的学校.S. 教育部.

FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. 的se rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends 高中以上的学校. 权利被转移的学生 是“合格学生”吗?."

Parents or eligible students have the right to inspect and review the student's education 由学校保存的记录. 学校不需要提供记录副本 unless, for reasons such as great distance, it is impossible for parents or eligible 学生复习记录. 学校可能会收取副本费用.

Parents or eligible students have the right to request that a school correct records 他们认为哪些是不准确的或误导性的. 如果学校决定不修改 the record, the parent or eligible student then has the right to a formal hearing. After the hearing, if the school still decides not to amend the record, the parent or eligible student has the right to place a statement with the record setting forth 他或她对争议信息的看法.

Generally, schools must have written permission from the parent or eligible student 以便公布学生教育记录中的任何信息. 然而,FERPA allows schools to disclose those records, 不同意, to the following parties 或符合以下条件(34 CFR§99).31):

  • 具有合法教育利益的学校官员
  • 学生转学的其他学校
  • 为审计或评估目的而指定的官员
  • 与学生经济援助有关的适当各方
  • 为学校或代表学校进行某些研究的组织
  • 认证机构
  • 遵从司法命令或合法发出的传票
  • 在健康和安全紧急情况下适当的官员
  • State and local authorities, within a juvenile justice system, pursuant to specific 州法律.

学校 may disclose, 不同意, "directory" information such as a student's name, address, telephone number, date and place of birth, honors and awards, and dates 出席的. 然而,学校必须告诉家长和符合条件的学生有关目录 information and allow parents and eligible students a reasonable amount of time to 要求学校不要透露他们的目录信息. 学校必须 每年通知家长和符合条件的学生他们在FERPA下的权利. 实际的 means of notification (special letter, inclusion in a PTA bulletin, student handbook, 或报纸上的文章)则由各学校自行决定.

有关FERPA的更多信息,请 请访问美国教育部网站.


的 Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) affords students at Jacksonville 大学对其教育记录的某些权利. 这些权利包括:

  1. 检查和审查学生教育记录的权利.

    Students should submit to the 注册商, Dean, Department Chair, or other appropriate official, a written request that identifies the record(s) they wish to inspect. 的 University official will make arrangements for access within 45 days of the day the University receives a request for access, and notify the student of the time and place 在哪里可以查看记录. 如果大学没有保存这些记录 official to whom the request was submitted, that official shall advise the student 应向其提出请求的正确官员.

  2. 的 right to request the amendment of the student's education records that the student 认为是不准确的或误导的.

    Students may ask the University to amend a record that they believe is inaccurate 或有误导性. 他们应该写信给负责记录的大学官员, clearly identifying the part of the record they want changed and specify why it is 不准确或误导.

    If the University decides not to amend the record as requested by the student, the University will notify the student of the decision and advise the student of his or 她就修改请求举行听证会的权利. 额外的信息 regarding the hearing procedures will be provided to the student when notified of 听证的权利.

  3. 的 right to consent to disclosures of personally identifiable information contained in the student's education records, except to the extent that FERPA authorizes disclosures 不同意.

    One exception that permits disclosure 不同意, is disclosure to school officials 具有合法的教育利益. 学校官员是学校雇用的人 University in an administrative, supervisory, academic or research, or support staff position (including Public 安全 personnel and Student 健康 staff), a person or company with whom the University has contracted (such as an attorney, auditor, collection agency, and the National Student Clearinghouse); a person serving on the Board of Directors; or a student serving on an official committee, such as a disciplinary or grievance committee, or assisting another school official in performing his or her 任务.

    Generally, schools must have written permission from the student in order to release 学生教育记录中的任何信息. 然而,FERPA允许学校 disclose those records, 不同意, to the following parties or under the following conditions: school officials with legitimate educational interest; other schools to which a student is requesting transfer or enrollment; specified officials for audit or evaluation purposes; appropriate parties in connection with financial aid to a student; organizations conducting certain studies for or on behalf of the school; accrediting organizations; to comply with a judicial order or lawfully issued subpoena; 在健康和安全紧急情况下适当的官员

    FERPA allows the University to disclose directory information without the written 学生同意. 目录信息是教育中包含的信息 record of a student which generally would not be considered harmful or an invasion 隐私被披露. 目录信息包括学生的全名、姓名和姓名 fact that the student is or has been enrolled full-time/part-time status, local and permanent address(es), e-mail address, telephone number(s), date and place of birth, dates 出席的, division (school or college), class, major field(s) of study and/or curriculum, degrees and awards received, participation in officially recognized activities and sports, weight and height of members of athletic teams, photograph, 学生曾就读的教育机构或机构.

    A currently enrolled student may request any or all directory information not be released 通过与注册办公室联系. 提交这一请求应予以尊重 for the remainder of the term in which the request is filed, except that such restriction shall not apply to directory information already 发表 or in the process of being 发表.

  4. 向美国政府提出申诉的权利.S. 教育部有关指称 杰克逊维尔大学未能遵守FERPA的要求.


    U.S. 教育部

有关FERPA的更多信息,请 请访问美国教育部网站.